the -te form is really useful. it allows you to add additional info onto your sentence.
consider it means connecting things together, or doing x and y. it even kinda works with adjectives (今日は暑くて蒸し暑くてさ - it's so hot and humid today). when you use it with the copula (desu/da => de) you can make sub-sentences. "私は生徒で、先生ではない” - I'm a student, not a teacher. (I'm not promising this, or any, example sounds completely natural)
you can do the same with just verbs too. a bit of gundam wing seed comes to mind.. ”戦って,戦って死ね！” - fight, fight and die!
many set constructs exist, like やってみる - do (and) see meaning just "try it" when together like this. you'll hear 試してみる often too, where 試す means test or attempt but the full construct just means try.
the verb/te + ageru/kureru was discussed previously but is the same idea. you give/receive the favour of someone doing something (for someone).
it's a very good idea to study closely the relationship between ageru/kureru and morau. it's easy to make your sentences mean something completely different if you mess these up and it takes some getting used to.
I'm sure you've heard itterasshai and ittekimasu before :) they use this too. iku => itte you'll probably already know, and ikimasu is no different. you'll probably have heard a shopkeeper or 2 exclaim "irasshaimase!" which is a polite imperative meaning you're welcome (to come in). so when someone leaves he say "I'm going and coming back!" and the reply would mean something like "go and be welcome to return!".
Last edited 12/03/12(Mon)23:09.